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International accounts of the Republic of Moldova, 2015 (preliminary data)



International accounts for 2015 (preliminary data) – all analytical comments

According to preliminary data, in 2015, the current account of the balance of payments recorded a deficit of US$ 464.24 million (down by 17.7 percent as compared to 2014), the capital account registered a surplus of US$ 22.83 million and the financial account recorded a net inflow of US$ 473.18 million. The international investment position of the Republic of Moldova remained net debit totaling US$ -5,713.43 million at the end of 2015, while the gross external debt of the Republic of Moldova reached US$ 6,338.39 million.

Table 1. Main macroeconomic indicators of the Republic of Moldova

 

UM

2014

Q I 2015

Q  II 2015

Q  III 2015

Q IV 2015

2015

Gross domestic product in current prices

MDL million

112,050

24,423

28,527

35,890

33,011

121,851

Gross domestic product in current prices

US$ million

7,981

1,357

1,573

1,869

1,658

6,476

GDP, physical volume indices

%

104.6

104.8

102.5

96.3

96.7

99.5

Exports of goods, physical volume indices

%

102.0

106.0

107.0

96.0

97.0

 

Imports of goods, physical volume indices

%

101.0

101.0

96.0

95.0

91.0

 

Period average exchange rate

MDL/USD

14.0388

17.9989

18.1309

19.1982

19.9112

18.8161

Personal remittances / GDP

%

24.1

23.1

24.1

19.5

21.2

21.8

FDI flows (net incurrence of liabilities) / GDP

%

4.4

10.7

5.0

-0.8

3.8

4.2

 

Table 2. Contribution of the main components to the evolution of the BOP current account

 

2014

Q I 
2015

Q  II 
2015

Q  III 
2015

Q IV
2015

2015

Change in share

2015 / 2014

 

% to GDP

p.p.

Current account

-7.1

-10.5

-8.1

-6.3

-4.6

-7.2

-0.1

 Trade balance

-36.7

-34.8

-31.1

-27.8

-27.9

-30.0

6.7

     Exports of goods and services

36.7

44.0

40.2

31.4

40.2

38.3

1.6

     Imports of goods and services

73.5

78.8

71.3

59.1

68.1

68.3

-5.1

Primary income balance

10.4

6.8

4.4

7.2

6.4

6.2

-4.1

     Primary income inflow, of which:

14.0

13.4

14.0

11.3

12.0

12.5

-1.5

         Compensation of employees

13.4

12.7

13.5

10.9

11.6

12.0

-1.3

     Primary income outflow, of which:

3.7

6.6

9.6

4.1

5.6

6.3

2.7

         Investment income

2.7

5.2

8.2

3.0

4.2

5.0

2.3

Secondary income balance

19.3

17.4

18.7

14.3

16.9

16.6

-2.7

      Secondary income inflow, of which:

21.1

19.8

21.0

16.3

19.0

18.8

-2.3

         Personal transfers

12.7

12.4

12.8

10.3

11.5

11.6

-1.1

         Current international cooperation

4.3

3.5

3.0

2.4

3.1

3.0

-1.4

     Secondary income outflow

1.8

2.3

2.3

2.0

2.1

2.2

0.3

Capital account

1.2

-0.3

0.6

0.5

0.5

0.4

-0.8

Net borrowing (current and capital account balance)

-5.9

-10.8

-7.5

-5.8

-4.1

-6.8

-0.9

 

Table 3. Sources of coverage for the net borrowing, net financial flows, % to GDP

 

2014

Q I
2015

Q II 2015

Q III 2015

Q IV 2015

2015

Change in share

2015 / 2014

 

% to GDP

p.p.

Financial account

-7.1

-14.6

-7.9

-4.3

-4.2

-7.3

-0.2

Direct investment, net, of which:

-3.9

-10.5

-4.9

0.8

-3.6

-4.1

-0.2

Equity other than reinvestment of earnings

-1.6

-0.9

-1.0

-0.8

-1.0

-0.9

0.7

Reinvestment of earnings

-0.4

-3.1

-5.2

-0.8

-1.2

-2.5

-2.1

Debt instruments

-1.9

-6.4

1.3

2.4

-1.4

-0.7

1.2

Portfolio investment and financial derivatives, net

-0.2

-0.1

-0.2

   

-0.1

0.1

Other investment, net, of which:

3.8

19.0

-3.3

-4.2

-1.4

1.6

-2.2

Currency and deposits, net 

2.3

19.0

-2.1

-0.2

-0.8

3.2

0.9

Loans, net

0.1

1.7

0.9

-1.6

-1.2

-0.2

-0.3

Trade credit and advances , net

-1.7

-1.8

-2.2

-2.5

0.5

-1.5

0.2

Other accounts payable / receivable, net

3.1

0.1

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

-3.0

Change in reserve assets, net

-6.7

-23.0

0.6

-0.9

0.8

-4.7

2.0

Note: (-) – net capital inflow, (+) – net capital outflow

 

Table 4. Main indicators of the international investment position

 

UM

31.12.2014

31.03.2015

30.06.2015

30.09.2015

31.12.2015

Net international investment position

US$ million

-5,598.09

-5,544.92

-5,628.84

-5,623.84

-5,713.43

Stock of foreign assets / stock of foreign liabilities

%

39.9

38.6

38.2

37.9

36.9

Stock of foreign direct investment in domestic economy

US$ million

3,613.78

3,489.23

3,549.58

3,474.91

3,538.59

Share of foreign investment in the stock of foreign liabilities

%

38.8

38.7

39.0

38.4

39.1

Share of loans (without intercompany loans) in the stock of foreign liabilities

%

32.9

32.3

32.1

32.7

32.6

Stock of reserve assets

US$ million

2,156.63

1,752.26

1,787.80

1,769.37

1,756.81

Stock of reserve assets / Average monthly imports of goods and services

months

4.4

3.7

4.1

4.3

4.8

Official reserve assets / Short-term external debt

%

89.2

72.6

74.0

73.7

74.8

 

Chart 1. Indices of reserve assets adequacy, end of 2009-2015, US$ million

 

Note: The criteria are based on the IMF recommendations specified in "Assessing Reserve Adequacy - Specific Proposals", April 2015: http://www.imf.org/external/np/pp/eng/2014/121914.pdf

 

Table 5. Main indicators of the external debt

 

UM

31.12.2014

31.03.2015

30.06.2015

30.09.2015

31.12.2015

 Gross external debt

US$ million

6,570.26

6,393.53

6,414.45

6,421.10

6,338.39

Public and publicly guaranteed external debt

US$ million

1,731.05

1,651.93

1,685.18

1,712.77

1,702.04

Long-term external debt

US$ million

4,152.39

3,981.33

3,997.26

4,018.71

3,988.96

Share of public and publicly guaranteed external debt in gross external debt

%

26.3

25.8

26.3

26.7

26.9

Share of long-term external debt in gross external debt

%

63.2

62.3

62.3

62.6

62.9

Share of international organizations and foreign governments (creditors) in the external debt in the form of loans and SDR allocations

%

43.7

42.9

43.3

43.5

43.1

 

Details on international accounts evolution (balance of payments, international investment position and external debt) can be found in the analytical materials published on the official website of NBM:

 

Balance of payments for 2015 (preliminary data) 

International investment position at the end of 2015 (preliminary data) 

External debt at the end of 2015 (preliminary data) 

 

Balance of payments data calculated according to BPM6 can be downloaded here:

Balance of payments (BPM6)

Time series on balance of payments (starting from 1995), international investment position (from 1998), and external debt (from 2000) can be found on the official website of NBM:

Balance of payments

International investment position

External debt

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