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  • Octavian Armașu, Governor of the National Bank of Moldova

    1st Monday of the month: 14.00-17.00;
    Appointment: +373 22 822 606;


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    2nd Monday of the month: 14.00-17.00;
    Appointment: +373 22 822 606;


  • Cristina Harea, Deputy Governor of the National Bank of Moldova

    3rd Monday of the month: 14.00-17.00;
    Appointment: +373 22 822 607;

  • Ion Sturzu, Deputy Governor of the National Bank of Moldova

    4th Monday of the month: 14.00-17.00;
    Appointment: +373 22 822 607.

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The evolution of inflation rate in February 2015



According to the data published by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), in February 2015, the consumer prices index (CPI) for the last 12 months constituted 6.5 percent, increasing  by 1.8 percentage points compared to the previous month and being at the upper limit of the range of variation of ± 1.5 percentage points from the 5.0 percent target.

The balance of risks to inflation in the medium term continues to be influenced by a complex number of internal and external factors, with prevalence of the pro-inflationary risks. The weak economic activity of the euro area countries and the recession of the Russian Federation – the major trading partners of the Republic of Moldova, lead to risks of lower household and domestic exporters income on short-term through the external trade channel and remittances. This may further influence the dynamics of the national currency exchange rate and, subsequently, the inflation dynamics. The intensification of geopolitical tension in the region may generate additional inflationary pressures.

The depreciation of the national currency from the beginning of this year will accentuate the inflationary pressures for next periods, which will determine CPI to leave temporarily the upper limit of the range of variation of ± 1.5 percentage points from the 5.0 percent target, through the prices of imported goods and tariffs for regulated services, and subsequently through the second-round effects.

The annual rate of inflation in February was 6.5 percent, increasing by 1.8 percentage points compared to the previous month and by 1.1 percentage points higher than in February 2014. This dynamics was mainly due to the contribution from core inflation and food prices, of 3.5 and 2.1 percentage points, respectively. The regulated prices and fuels contributed to annual inflation by 0.6 and 0.3 percentage points, respectively.  

The monthly inflation rate recorded the level of 2.2 percent, being mainly determined by the increase in non-food prices by 3.7 percent, in food prices by 2.1 percent and the increase of the tariffs for public services by 0.3 percent.

The annual core inflationThe core inflation is calculated by the NBS by excluding the prices that are outside the influence area of monetary policy measures promoted by the NBM, such as food and beverages, fuel, products and services with regulated prices. From January 2012, the published data are calculated by the NBS according to the changes made to the Annex no.2 of the "Methodology for the calculation of core inflation index", approved by joint order N8-07-01203/6 of January 19, 2012 of National Bank of Moldova and the National Bureau of Statistics (the change regards the inclusion of prices for remote communication services and medicines into regulated prices). recorded a level of 10.2 percent in February 2015, increasing by 3.2 percentage points compared to the previous month.

In February 2015, the monthly core inflation rate was 3.5 percent. The most significant price increases related to core inflation were recorded by household articlesThe increase of “household articles” component refers to: washing machines and dishwashers (15.2 percent), refrigerators and freezers (15.8 percent),   household textiles (4.6 percent),  vacuum cleaners and parquet polishing machines (16.9 per), information processing machines (18.0 percent) etc., transport and auto parts, sanitary and hygiene articlesThe increase of “sanitary and hygiene articles” component refers to: toilet-related products (4.6 percent), other articles of personal hygiene (5.6 percent), cosmetic and perfumery articles (3.1 percent) etc., clothing and furniture.

Food prices in the reporting month increased by 2.1 percent compared to the previous month. This dynamics was driven by the increase in the prices of fresh fruits by 10.9 percent, fresh vegetables by 10.3 percent, fish and canned fish by 4.2 percent, sugar by 3.8 percent, potatoes by 3.3 percent, non-alcoholic drinks by 2.8 percent, milling and bakery products by 1.7 percent and milk and dairy products by 1.1 percent. 

Excluding seasonal factors, food prices increased by 1.4 percent compared to January, mainly due to the depreciation of the national currency against the U.S. dollar during the last months. 

The annual growth rate of food prices was 6.0 percent, by 1.5 percentage points higher compared to January 2015 and by 1.9 percentage points lower than in February 2014.

In February 2015, fuel prices increased by 1.6 percent compared to the previous month. This dynamics was mainly due to the increase in firewood prices by 2.1 percent, earth coal by 4.0 percent and fuels by 0.4 percent, as a consequence of the conflict in eastern Ukraine that significantly reduced the coal supply in winter and of the increase in petrol and diesel prices in February. At the same time, the bottled gas prices decreased by 0.1 percent.

The annual growth rate in fuel prices was 5.3 percent, by 0.5 percentage points higher to the value recorded in January 2015 and by 2.5 percentage points higher than in February 2014. 

In the analyzed period, the prices for regulated services increased by 0.8 percent compared to January 2015, as a result of the increase in the prices of medicines by 3.9 percent and health services by 1.0 percent. At the same time, the services of international rail and air transport increased by 6.0 and 0.1 percent, respectively.

The annual growth rate in prices of products and regulated services was 2.5 percent, by 0.6 percentage points higher to the previous month and by 0.3 percentage points lower to the value recorded in February 2014. 

The National Bank of Moldova will continue to monitor the developments in domestic and international economic environment, including the dynamics of consumption, remittances, foreign exchange market indicators  and changing foreign trade conditions, so that by the flexibility of specific operational framework of inflation targeting strategy to ensure price stability in the medium term.